Foto: Yaya Stempler

The [Uncertain] Four Seasons

Hugh Crosthwaite, Tim Devine, Adam Grant, Assoc Professor David Holmes , Mel Huang, Joachim Kortlepel, Gerard Mason, Dr Jaehyun Shin


In 2019 we set about reflecting the effects of global warming to date in Vivaldi’s Four Seasons, using historical data to inform a musical system that transposed climate changes upon the original score. The result was The For Seasons, which was performed by the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra, led by conductor Alan Gilbert.

In 2020, working with the Monash Climate Change Communications Research Hub, we developed a series of new variations of the composition. This time, we situated Vivaldi’s score in the future, using ‘Shared Socioeconomic Pathways’ data from the UN’s latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report to project future climate outcomes in a worst-case climate future.

Using geospatial data, we created unique and wildly different variations for every orchestra on the planet. The result is nearly 1,000 new versions of The Four Seasons, which form a collection that we call The [Uncertain] Four Seasons.

The Sydney variation of The [Uncertain] Four Seasons was performed in January 2021 by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, led by concertmaster Andrew Haveron. It was a great success and featured in the scientific journal Nature.


The [Uncertain] Four Seasons by: Tim Devine, Joachim Kortlepel, Adam Grant, Gerard Mason, Melanie Huang, Dr. Jaehyun Shin, Dr. James Goldie, and Assoc. Professor David Holmes
With support from: AKQA, Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Jung von Matt, NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra, Kling Klang Klong, Monash Climate Change Communications Research Hub

Tim Devine (AU), Adam Grant (AU), Gerard Mason (AU), Mel Huang (AU), Hugh Crosthwaite (AU), Dr. Jaehyun Shin (KR), Joachim Kortlepel (DE), Assoc. Professor David Holmes (AU) collaborated to bring this work to the world. They are a collective of designers, developers, scientists, and composers.